The Prime Minister has announced plans on how artificial intelligence (AI) can be used to help diagnose cancer.

Speaking in Macclesfield, Theresa May said the NHS and technology companies should use AI as a “new weapon” in research, adding that the UK will use “data, artificial intelligence and innovation” to transform the way diseases like cancer, diabetes, heart disease and dementia are diagnosed by 2030.

Mrs May said she hopes to see computer algorithms sorting through patient’s medical records, genetic data and lifestyle habits to try and spot cancer early on.

She said:  “Late diagnosis of otherwise treatable illnesses is one of the biggest causes of avoidable deaths.

“And the development of smart technologies to analyse great quantities of data quickly and with a higher degree of accuracy than is possible by human beings opens up a whole new field of medical research and gives us a new weapon in our armoury in the fight against disease.

“Achieving this mission will not only save thousands of lives. It will incubate a whole new industry around AI-in-healthcare, creating high-skilled science jobs across the country, drawing on existing centres of excellence in places like Edinburgh, Oxford and Leeds – and helping to grow new ones.”

It is hoped the plans will see at least 50,000 people each year diagnosed at an early stage of prostate, ovarian, lung or bowel cancer.

Despite welcoming more high quality research into diseases, privacy campaign group, Med Confidential, tweeted concerns about data privacy.

Elsewhere, Harpal Kumar, chief executive officer of Cancer Research, said the plans are pioneering but added that the government must ensure that the “right infrastructure” is embedded in the UK’s health system.

The use of AI in healthcare is a hot topic in medic circles.

Earlier this month, the government launched an independent review into the training needs of NHS staff to use AI and robotics technology.

Jeremy Hunt, Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, announced the review will be led by Dr Eric Topol, an expert in cardiology, genetics and digital medicine.

Dr Topol will look at opportunities where the NHS could invest in training for its tens of thousands of members of staff.

He will also consider the implications of the skills required of future healthcare professionals.